15 Classic Tools Used For Gardening

Gardening tools in a basket

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Have your ever walked into an avid gardener’s storage shed and stood in awe of their massive collection of tools used for gardening? Maybe you walked away wondering if you should even both starting your own garden until you’ve built up a similarly impressive stock.

The truth is that you don’t need to buy every fancy garden gadget out there.

Instead, spend some time thinking about your goals and the piece of ground you have to work with. Then invest in a small collection of versatile tools that can truly assist your in getting the job done.

So which tools can form the foundation of your garden arsenal? Let’s take a closer look at 15 of the most common garden tools and their uses.

One of the best aspects of gardening is the opportunity to feel the earth on your hands. Nevertheless, a good pair of gloves can be helpful or even essential for certain tasks around the garden.

There are three main types of gloves to choose from, with each style being particularly well-suited for certain jobs.

Leather

As the heaviest option available, you’ll probably want a pair of leather gloves for tasks like these:

  • Clearing brush for a new garden
  • Trimming scratchy bushes
  • Working with potentially irritating weeds like thistles or poison ivy
  • Applying chemical treatments to soil or plants

Leather gloves provide excellent protection against harsh chemicals and prickly thorns. Unfortunately, you’ll probably sacrifice at least a bit of dexterity to the heavy material.

OZERO Flex Grip Leather Work Gloves

Cloth with Rubber Coating

With a soft base layer and a water-resistant, flexible outer coating, this glove style offers the best of both worlds. Rubberized cloth gloves are ideal for a variety of garden jobs, so they can be your daily go-to. 

Since they have a thinner material, rubberized cloth gloves don’t offer the same level of protection as their leather counterparts. However, the thin, flexible material allows you to retain greater range of motion.

COOLJOB Gardening Gloves

Cloth

Cloth gloves are the thinnest and most flexible of the three options. This style is usually best for providing a simple layer of protection between your skin and whatever object or material you’re working with.

When your primary goal is simply to keep the dirt from getting under your fingernails, cloth gloves can help you stay clean with less bulk.

AmazonBasics Plastic Dots Coated Grip Work Gloves

Rakes

Whether you’re looking to clean up leaves in the autumn, level the planting surface in your garden or clear small stones from a piece of ground, a rake is your tool of choice. 

All rakes have a similar construction of a long, thin handle shaft and a flared end of plastic or metal teeth. Rakes can have wooden, fiberglass, aluminum or steel handles, and some brands offer a padded foam grip for comfort.

Even though they may share some common features, there are two different types of rakes that have very different purposes.

Leaf Rake

Leaf rakes typically have narrow handle shafts and plastic or wire teeth that effectively grab and collect light materials.

With their lightweight construction and easy handling, these rakes are perfect for raking leaves or grass over a large area.

63 Inch Adjustable Garden Leaf Rake

Garden Rake

Garden rakes are typically heavier than leaf rakes, and they have short, strong teeth made from steel. You’ll use a garden rake primarily for tasks like these:

  • Smooth a dirt, sand or gravel surface
  • Spread mulch or compost
  • Dislodge small stones from the surface layer of your garden soil

True Temper Steel 16-Tine Bow Rake

Shovels

Be it for turning up soil for a transplant or digging a perfectly straight border, a shovel often tops the list of popular tools used for gardening.

Most styles of shovels have sturdy metal, fiberglass or wooden handle shafts.  The strong metal head easily breaks through soil or other material. Shovels apply the principles of a third-class lever, so they can actually be considered simple machines

You’ll find distinctive shovel structures that fall into two main categories.

Rounded Shovel

A rounded shovel is likely one that first springs to mind when thinking of garden shovels. These models have elongated handle shafts and a rounded shape that comes to a gentle point at the tip.

Reach for the rounded shovel if your to-do list included jobs like these:

  • Digging holes
  • Working soil
  • Moving mulch, compost or another loose material

Nupla Ergo Power Round Point Shovel

Garden Spade

As opposed to the long handle shaft and pointed tip of a rounded shovel, a garden spade has a shorter handle shaft and a flat edge with a narrow lip.

You can use a spade to work soil, shovel compost and dig holes. However, a spade’s real usefulness comes into play in slicing through thick roots, dividing plants or creating a straight edge for your garden bed.

Fiskars 46 Inch Steel D-handle Square Garden Spade

Watering

No list of tools used for gardening is complete without addressing the issue of watering. 

Water is an essential component to any productive garden, but not all water delivery methods are created equal.

For instance, tiny seedlings need a gentle sprinkle that won’t overwhelm their delicate stems. On the other hand, estalished plants can usually handle a more intense water flow.

With a variety of watering tools to choose from, pick the one that works best for your needs or use a combination of two or more.

Hose

Traditional garden hoses usually consist of a flexible plastic or rubber outer layer with a network of internal fibers for support and durability.

Strong fabric expansion hoses are newcomers that reduce bulk while not in use and are lighter than their traditional predecessors.

Hoses are a great choice to save some steps and your back if your garden is large or you have smaller beds in multiple areas.

Flexzilla Garden Hose

Hose Nozzle

While you can water your plants with the end of the actual hose, using an adjustable nozzle with multiple settings lets you tailor your water flow and pressure to fit the job at hand.

Many nozzles have a spray handle that only allows water through the hose when you need it, eliminating the need for multiple trips to turn the water on or off.

Signature Garden Heavy-Duty Nozzle

Watering Wand

These specialized hose nozzles offer the dual benefits of delivering a gentle shower and functioning as a handy extension.

If you have brand-new seedlings or multiple hanging baskets to water, a wand may prove to be worth its weight in gold.

Orbit Front Trigger 10 Pattern Turret Wand

Sprinkler

Sprinklers often evoke memories of running through the gentle spray during the summers of childhood. Although they can also provide summer fun, a sprinkler is perfect for watering a large area of ground with minimal effort.

A sprinkler is typically the first choice for watering the lawn, but you could also set one up if you have a large garden.

Aqua Joe Indestructible Metal Base Oscillating Sprinkler

Watering Can

If you only have a few plants to water or you enjoy a truly hands-on experience, a watering can gets the job done.

Cans with sprinkler heads let you give your plants a soft water flow that won’t knock them over or crush blooms. If you have a variety of plants to water, a can with a removable sprinkler attachment maximizes versatility and convenience. 

Best Choice Products 1-Gallon Watering Can

Hand Trowel

While a full-size shovel is ideal for digging large holes, a handheld garden trowel is the perfect tool for smaller projects or a container garden.

Most trowels are about eight to ten inches in length and have a sturdy handle that fits easily in the palm of your hand. With a thin blade that comes to a point, garden trowels are ideal projects that require extra precision. 

A few instances where a garden trowel can come in handy can include these tasks:

  • Planting small seedlings 
  • Making a shallow, even row for planting seeds
  • Digging out small weeds
  • Working soil close to existing plants

Wilcox All Pro Trowel

Pruning Shears

Whether you have a true border hedge to keep pristine or not, you’ll likely find yourself reaching for a pair of pruning shears for a variety of garden tasks.

Similar to a traditional pair of scissors, pruning shears use a central fulcrum situated between two blades. Also referred to as hand pruners or secateurs, these little tools let you snip through plant stems or small branches with just one hand. 

Pruning shears are perfect for trimming bushes, gathering cut flowers for an arrangement or harvesting herbs. While a regular scissors may seem like an acceptable alternative, pruning shears usually have a more rugged construction that can cut through tough plant material much more easily and cleanly. 

Gonicc 8" Professional Premium Titanium Bypass Pruning Shears

Garden Knife

A knife may not seem like a natural choice on a list of tools used in gardening, and a regular kitchen knife would indeed be out of place. Specialized garden knives, however, are a different story!

Garden knives have a stout handle with a hilt, so the knife is less likely to slip out of your hand. The blade is typically wide and ends in a soft point. Many garden knives also have serrated teeth on one edge and include a carrying sheath.

The average garden knife blade is around six inches in length. Some knives also have inch markings, so they can multitask as a rudimentary ruler. 

If your day’s work involves any of the following tasks, you’ll likely reach for your garden knife:

  • Dividing plants
  • Digging small holes for transplanting 
  • Rooting out stubborn weeds
  • Cutting plastic bags open
  • Aerating soil around an existing plant
  • Small edging jobs
  • Slicing through tough sod or roots

Hori Hori Garden Knife with Diamond Sharpening Rod

Wheelbarrow

The principles of physics apply to almost everything in life, and gardening is no exception. Thanks to its application of the fulcrum, a wheelbarrow makes short work of transporting heavy, unwieldy garden materials like these:

  • Dirt
  • Mulch
  • Small trees
  • Garden waste
  • Transplant seedlings
  • Large tools

Some wheelbarrows have a more stable structure than others. However, all wheelbarrows share a common design of a roomy storage compartment, long handles, a sturdy front wheel and rear legs that hold the wheelbarrow steady when not in motion.

Marathon Yard Rover 2 Tire Wheelbarrow Garden Cart

Garden Fork

The pitchfork has often been a staple in artwork of farmers from centuries past. But don’t think you’ll be a relic of history if you have one of these helpful tools in your storage shed. 

Garden forks, or spading forks, typically have a thick wooden or fiberglass shaft with a handle at the end for better control and easy carrying. Most traditional garden forks have four strong steel tines spaced a couple inches apart.

Garden forks still serve a number of purposes in the gardens of today, and here are just a few ways that you can put one to good use. 

  • Turning compost
  • Loosening dry soil
  • Digging holes
  • Spreading straw or mulch
  • Digging up plants

Truper Tru Tough Spading Fork

Garden Hoe

A garden hoe’s primary purpose is to loosen or aerate soil around plants and root out troublesome weeds.

Garden hoes usually a long handle shaft made from metal, wood or fiberglass and a metal plate that sits perpendicular to the handle.  Most of the time, this plate has a flat edge, but some brands also offer hoes with a pointed tip. 

Regardless of shape, the thin metal can easily break through the soil’s surface to break up clumps and dislodge weeds. 

Ergie Systems ErgieShovel

Tiller

Preparing ground for a new garden bed or reworking your soil every spring can be a time-consuming, backbreaking job.

Sounds fun, right?

Instead of hard manual labor with a hoe or shovel, a tiller automates the process with rotating blades that dig into the soil and tun it over as you pass the tiller over the ground.

There are three main types of tillers on the market. Let the size of your garden and the consistency of your soil be your guide in deciding which tiller is ideal for your needs. 

Manual

These tillers require you to supply the strength to push them over the ground to be worked. A manual tiller can be a good choice if your garden is small and the soil is not heavily compacted.

Garden Weasel Cultivator

Electric

An electric tiller gets its power from either a cord connected to an outlet or from a rechargeable battery. Most electric tillers deliver effective results, but keep in mind that you’ll probably need to use an extension cord or plan for extra time to recharge your battery. 

Sun Joe 16-Inch 12-Amp Electric Tiller and Cultivator

Gas

Gas-powered tillers usually have most strength and convenience to offer. These tillers are typically the best choice for large gardens or those with compacted or extremely dense soil. 

Earthquake Versa Front Tine Tiller Cultivator

Weeding

On the list of the never-ending tasks of gardening, battling unsightly weeds that threaten to choke out plants ranks near the top.

While you can pull some weeds by hand or scratch them out with a hoe, investing in a dedicated tool or two can help turn the tide in your favor in the war against troublesome weeds.

Dandelion Digger

Thanks to their deep taproot and incredibly efficient seed-delivery system, dandelions are among the hardiest and most widespread plant species on the planet. While there is much to admire about these remarkable plants, dandelions also have a tendency to quickly take over a garden or yard.

A dandelion digger is a handheld tool with a grip handle, a long, angled metal neck and a tip with dual points in the shape of a V. Place the V as close to the taproot as possible, and push downwards on the angled handle.

The downward force functions as a lever to apply upward, dislodging pressure to the taproot. 

Ganchun Hand Weeding Tool

Weed Pullers

Do you want to dispatch weeds without having to kneel on the ground? Maybe cracks between your sidewalk pavers is a particular trouble spot, or perhaps you want to make sure you get each weed out be the roots.

Owing to some out-of-the-box thinking by creative inventors, you have multiple options out there for uprooting specific plants and accommodating individual needs.

Here are just a few to consider.

Lawn Jaws The Original Sharktooth Weed Puller

Get a firm and ergonomic grip on pesky weed stems every time.

AmazeFan Manual Weeds Snatcher

Say goodbye to weeds in cracks and crevices without harsh chemicals. 

Walensee Weed Puller, Stand Up Weeder Hand Tool

A long handle lets you have a weed-free garden while sparing your knees. 

Garden Kneeler

Unless your raised beds are a few feet above the ground, working in your garden will likely require you to kneel frequently. A padded mat to rest your knees on can be a lifesaver for your joints, skin and clothing.

Garden kneeling mats typically have a thick, dense foam inner layer for comfortable cushioning. An outer plastic or rubber coating provides protection against damp soil or grass and prevents water from seeping into the porous foam core.

Many mats have a built-in handle for carrying, and the light-as-a-feather materials make it a cinch to carry your mat from bed to bed.

RED Home Club Thick Kneeling Pad

Tool Caddy Or Cart

A garden tool caddy or cart is a great way to organize and protect your gardening hand tools. You can also look forward to fewer trips to your storage area to grab the tool needed for the job at hand. 

Tool caddies can either be a handheld basket or a sturdy leather or canvas belt with multiple pockets.

A tool cart is a wagon-like structure with a flat bed and tall sides to keep your tools or plants safely contained. Most carts also have a long pull-handle and substantial wheels for easily rolling over bumpy grass or dirt. 

Housolution Gardening Tote Bag

Gorilla Carts Steel Garden Cart with Removable Sides

Compost Bin

If you’ve ever gone shopping for high-quality compost, you may have suffered from sticker shock when you saw the price tag.

Not to worry! You can make your own nutrient-rich compost at home with a little bit of know-how and patience. 

While you can set up a compost pile with some scrap lumber or fencing, having an open heap could attract vermin, emit an unpleasant odor and be an eyesore.

Purchasing a specifically designed composting bin can help keep your compost contained and make it easier to work with. 

FCMP Outdoor Tumbling Composter

Final Thoughts On Tools Used For Gardening

It’s easy to feel overwhelmed  when looking at a long list of garden tools. It doesn’t help when each new tool bills itself as a “gardening essential.”

When it comes to building your garden tool arsenal, the best approach is almost always to start simple. You can always add specialized tools in the future as the need arises.

After all, people in times past figured out ways to manage large farms or gardens with nothing but rudimentary tools. Today, you have all the same resourcefulness as your gardening predecessors as well as the advantage of history.

Don’t wait to start a garden until you’ve accumulated the ultimate tool collection. With experience comes knowledge, so begin now, and adapt as you go. 

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